Krkonose National Park extends on an area of the highest mountains of the Czech Republic and includes also a part of their foothills. The southern outskirts of that area and also the famous tourist centres belong to the protected zone of the national park.
National park – 36.300 ha, protected zone – 18.600 ha. It is the largest national park in Europe.
Count Harrach was the first, who tried to protect the Krkonose nature. He made the hillside with a rich high mountain flora the heart of the future national park. The national park was proclaimed in 1963 and its present form is stated in the government regulation from 1990. It has been stated in the UNESCO Biosphere Reservation list since 1992.
Krkonose National Park extends on a mountain, partly high mountain area, which was formed by a powerful rice of floe in several stages of Pleistocene glaciations. Due to the fact that forests are affected by strong emissions, the Krkonose National Park is registered at the international list of most endangered national parks in the world. The rare species of fauna and flora are protected in the national park.